Vladimir Korotkevich - died in July 1984
The Native of Orsha, Vladimir Korotkevich finished the Kiev University. On certificate of the professor Adam Malidis, exactly at that time future Belarusian Senkevich understood, what was a Native land. Korotkevich spoke:
“If it from me depends, each schoolboy, somewhere in a class ninth, would be sent on some time in some other republic. There he would feel homesickness and grow into a patriot".
The first serious publication of Korotkevich was in a magazine "Plamya". Here the novel "It’s impossible to forget" (the author’s title "Leonids won’t return up to the earth") was published. Then in the newspaper "Sovietskaya Belarussia" the article of Yakov Gercovich appeared. The "official" critic reproached Korotkevich that the main character and his comrades were formalists, torn away from life, who were interested in the contest of our art and its ideological orientation not enough. The Moscow reviewer Chalmaev was completely agreed with Gercovich. Adam Malidis recalled in his book "Life and rise of Vladimir Korotkevich". Articles by YA. GERCOVICH and V. CHALMAEV were perceived not as expression of personal opinions of their authors, but as someones instruction. In that time, at the end of 1962, the wave of struggle with "formalism" rose. All began then N.S. HRUSCHEV visited Moscow artists and sharply criticized them end ended then "witches" were searched in all creative groups, including the Union of the writers of BSSR and the Institute of literature Academy of Sciences of BSSR (abbreviator of Belarus in Soviet times). Korotkevich was in the know of all evident and backstage events. Having returned from Moscow, he in detail described all events.
"Volodia, you are sad today, aren’t you?" - Bril tried to clear the air. "Don’t pay attention on everybody and write your novels, for example about Bogushevich and his surroundings." - "I am afraid, my friend, that is the beginning of the end. We come back to the past again".
Korotkevich was absolutely right; he became one of the first victims of "disgrace". His novel "Leonids..." weren’t published. Vasili Syomuha was the editor of not published book. Today he recalls:
"The book wasn’t printed because of a purely soviet idiocy - because of its title. Not by chance, the novel was renamed into "It’s impossible to forget", even without for asking any permission. The story in the novel goes about a meteoric flow"
Leonids, which passes near the Earth every 65 years. It was categorically required to change the name. Then in the USSR "shone" Leonid Brezhnev( here: play upon words. Leonid - a name, Leonids - a meteoric flow). It was sedition...
At the first half of 60th the novel "A wild hunt of the King Stah" was published. The success of the novel inspired Korotkevich and he began to prepare his new novel "Ears under your sickle". He brought it to the editorial office of "Plamya" and read its fragments to his friends. The book was a success, and someone offered to make copies and to let them on hands. Korotkevich was against illegal activities, he spoke: "It is necessary to do the large and sacred thing with openly". After all in 1965 years have been printed - in "Plamya" magazine. Later there was a question on the book edition. But in the publishing house on the manuscript it has been put so much interrogative and exclamation marks, that Korotkevich was shocked: “The devil take it! I shall not correct words! I don’t want to deal with them!”
Under the insistence of one of Korotkevich closest friends - the poet Rygor Borodulin, Adam Maldis took part in manuscripts correcting. “That we then have suggested Volodia, - Borodulin speaks today, - was a theatrical offer, so to say, as a blind”. As a result, the minor phrases have been reduced, the words, underlined by the editor, and replaced with another. Due to such shifts the novel has been issued, and Korotkevich has plunged into cinema. Films "Memory", “Be happy, river”, “Witnesses of eternity”, shot by his scripts, and was brought out. But his film “Christ has landed in Garodnya” was godlessly edited and, lately, was shelved. One more film – “Stories from a jail” - was not shot basically, as the idea of it wasn’t supported in Minsk and in Moscow. Friends spoke to Korotkevich: “What for all these scandalous situations, sacrifices for the sake of an episode! Write first of all on a historical theme”. He was angry with them: “It is a great force! In Belarus novel will be read by ten, well, twenty thousand people. And a good film will be watched by millions. It is a great opportunity to influence, to wake peoples dignity and memory”.
Korotkevich died on July, 25, 1984. Vasil Bykov told on funeral of the friend:
"We stand with you in front of one more stone on a hard way of our culture, in front of one more symbol which embodies not only our pain, our grief, but also our pride. So it is already clear and, undoubtedly, we can tell, that the great person of Belarus, the apostle of our spirituality, the incomparable artist of XX century Vladimir Korotkevich lies here! Can many of us tell, that behave the same way as he - in grief, in temptations, as well in happiness, which occasionally happened in his life. He was a unique person - to reproach, but an example for us."
Korotkevich once said: “If the God wants to punish a country, he gives ten wonderful poets, and then takes them away”. And though he spoke so about the Spanish poets Lorca and Machado-i-Ruis, but the opinion correlates both with Belarus, and with Korotkevich.